CBD Dog Treats: Are They Safe, and Do They Really Work?
CBD has taken the world by storm over the past few years — not only for humans, but also for our canine companions. That’s right: You can buy CBD treats specially formulated for dogs. Many of the conditions that CBD can help humans with can also affect our furry friends, so it makes sense that companies are also marketing CBD to dog parents.
So if your dog is struggling with any physical or mental conditions, read on for everything you need to know about feeding CBD to your pup.
What Are CBD Dog Treats?
Cannabidiol, better known as CBD, is a chemical compound that naturally occurs in the cannabis sativa plant’s two classifications: marijuana and hemp. CBD most commonly comes from the hemp plant, and it either includes less than .3 percent THC or no THC at all. THC is what makes marijuana psychoactive; since CBD does not include significant amounts of THC, it will not get the user high, and instead, it will just leave them with relaxing effects. For example, CBD can help with mental conditions such as anxiety and depression, as well as physical conditions like sore muscles, joint pain, and seizures.
Humans can take CBD in a variety of forms (everything from oil to gummies to lotion to chocolate bars), but dogs are typically given CBD dog treats, which are simply dog treats infused with CBD. Some pet parents also give their dogs CBD oil or CBD capsules.
Why Give Dogs CBD?
Like humans, dogs can also experience physical ailments after sustaining an injury or as they age. According to petMD, CBD can also treat seizures, nausea, arthritis, and digestive issues. Additionally, dogs can experience anxiety, fear, and depression — for example, many dogs feel scared and anxious during fireworks or in large crowds; other dogs may experience anxiety, depression, or PTSD if they were rescued from an uncomfortable or scarring housing situation.
How Much CBD Oil Should I Give My Dog for Anxiety?
A common reason pet parents give their dogs CBD is for anxiety. Pet website Canine Journal recommends first checking with your veterinarian to determine if CBD oil is safe for your particular dog, and what dosage would be good to start with. Once you get the OK, in general, Canine Journal advises considering your dog’s size when choosing what potency to buy — for example, 75mg might be better for small dogs; and 300mg might be more effective for large dogs.
Canine Journal recommends starting with a very small dose of the CBD oil — even less than the bottle suggests. If your dog responds well, you can gradually increase the dose to match what the manufacturer advises.
How Many CBD Treats Can I Give My Dog?
If you’re giving your dog CBD treats, the dosage will probably be a bit more straightforward than it is with CBD oil, since you won’t have to measure it out in a dropper. Not to mention, it will be easier to administer to your dog, since he will simply need to eat a tasty treat, while with CBD oil, he will need to sit still while you drop the oil into his mouth. But just like with CBD oil, a dosage should be written on the package. Use that as a guide, and consider starting with less treats than what the package advises to make sure your pup reacts well — especially for small dogs — and then move up to the full dose. And always make sure to check with your veterinarian before giving your dog CBD.
Is Human CBD Oil Safe for Dogs?
We may let our dogs eat our leftover food — but is it safe for them to take CBD formulated for humans? The website Weedmaps spoke with holistic veterinarian Judy Morgan to learn more.
“There should be no difference in ‘pet-quality’ oils,” Morgan told the outlet. “However, oils cannot be labeled for humans and pets to use, as FDA does not allow that. Many human oils are pretty concentrated, so dosing becomes an issue for small pets.”
“Yes, dogs can use human CBD oil,” Morgan continued. “Humans could take pet CBD oil if it is human grade and not adulterated in any way.”
So basically, while Morgan asserts that it is safe to feed your dog human CBD oil, it’s better to be safe than sorry and buy one specially formulated for dogs, since that one will probably come with better dosage guidelines for different sized dogs. Not to mention, you don’t really want to share droppers with your dog’s slobbery mouth, do you?
Best Dog CBD Oil and Treats
There are so many CBD brands on the market that make doggy-approved treats, oils, and capsules — so how on Earth are you supposed to choose? It’s important to do your research and make sure the brand you are purchasing from is one you are comfortable with. There are pretty thorough roundups of dog CBD companies to help you get started on Forbes and Rave Reviews.
The Science on Dogs and CBD
A study published on ScienceDaily in May found that 89 percent of epileptic dogs given CBD for a clinical trial experienced a reduced frequency of seizures. Additionally, a 2018 study published by Frontiers in Veterinary Science observed a “significant decrease” in pain as well as an increase in activity in dogs who were given CBD oil.
Frequently Asked Questions
CBD for pets can be a bit overwhelming when you’re starting out, so here are some basic terms and tips that can help.
What is Hemp Extract?
Organic Hemp Extract is a botanical extract derived from our hemp that contains less than 0.3% THC on a dry weight basis. At Earth Buddy we like to call it “Colorado Style” hemp that is “non-intoxicating”. Instead of single molecule CBD (cannabidiol) or “Isolate CBD”, the Organic Hemp Extract we use contains a wide array of naturally occurring cannabinoids and terpenes that promote an entourage of benefits that engages the Endogenous Cannabinoid System (ECS).
What is Cannabidiol?
Cannabidiol is the prominent naturally occurring plant-based cannabinoid that is the most abundant molecule from the organic hemp we use in all of our products. Along with naturally occurring terpenes and other cannabinoids these plant compounds are showing great promise for daily supplementary use.
How does CBD for pets work?
Cannabidiol or CBD for pets activates and engages the ECS (Endogenous Cannabinoid System) to encourage balance or homeostasis. This molecule not only interacts with our pet’s ECS, but also acts on various systems in the body that manage pain and mood.
Will Hemp Extract get my pet “high”?
Colorado has one of the most well regulated Industrial Hemp programs in the world, in that they do not allow the levels of THC to exceed 0.3% at any step of the process. This means that all of our products will never have a level of THC over 0.3%, which will not get your pet “high”. Pets cannot tell us how they feel when under the influence of THC, so as a company we decided to always use hemp grown under the guidelines of Colorado Industrial Hemp program.
How long before I see any effects from using Hemp Extracts?
We feel that Hemp for pets is an individualized supplement and pet parents should always monitor the demeanor, digestion, and behavior of their pet. Every pet is different based on size, age, breed, and predisposition so start low and go slow!
We recommend that you supplement all of our products for at least 7-10 days with our suggested dosages on our labels and adjust accordingly for best results. Keep plenty of water available and try to supplement daily for optimal results.
What is the Endocannabinoid System (ECS)?
All mammals have an Endocannabinoid System (ECS) that helps the body maintain a healthy biological balance. This means our bodies, as well as our pets, are producing cannabinoids on its own. Mother Nature in her infinite wisdom created a plant with an abundance of these same compounds that we can extract from our Organic Hemp and supplement. This system acts on many peripheral systems within the body that regulates mood, appetite, pain management, digestion, and much more in the area of research is on the horizon for its chemical function in the body.
What is cannabis?
Cannabis is from the genus of plant called cannabis sativa. The hemp plants we use to derive our CBD are from the cannabis sativa-L family, but are bred to produce high CBD and very low THC (less than 0.3%). Cannabis can have many different molecular make-ups dependent on how the seeds genetics are bred and what they’re for.
What are cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are molecules produced in abundance in the cannabis plant within flower or bud. The cannabis plant produces over 150 of these molecules. Cannabinoids, when consumed, work to engage or activate our ECS (Endogenous Cannabinoid System) in mammals. Cannabinoids also interact with many other chemical systems within the mammalian body to help balance or modulate pain, stress or immune function.
What are terpenes?
Terpenes are what gives the cannabis or hemp plant its natural defense system against fungal infection and/or harmful insects. The plant produces a wide variety of these and create the smell or essence.
Although there is not a large concentration of any single terpene found in hemp, in combination with other cannabinoids, these essential oils from hemp will create an Entourage Effect of benefits.
For example, Beta-caryophylene is often found in hemp or cannabis and is also found in black pepper. It has been well researched around its benefits on inflammation and anti-microbial effects.
What is the Entourage Effect?
The Entourage Effect refers to a well researched phenomenon where there is a predominant molecule (CBD) and many minor plant compounds (cannabinoids and terpenes) creating a synergy in which there is a boosted effect of the CBD in our case. Cannabidiol (CBD) on its own requires much higher doses for efficacy, while when it is paired with these minor plant compounds it creates a much greater response in lower doses. In summary, the whole plant extract is greater than its individual parts.
Why is there Black Pepper in the hemp hearts?
All of our Hemp Hearts contain Turmeric for dogs and cats and will also have a small amount of Black Pepper for the sole purpose of increasing bioavailability. Studies have shown that when Turmeric is supplemented with black pepper it becomes 2000% more absorbable. Black pepper also contains Beta-caryophylene, which is a terpene found in cannabis that has shown to have positive benefits for inflammation and stress.
What CBD pet product will work best for my pet?
All of our products are completely pet safe made with 100% human-grade ingredients. We feel that Hemp Extracts are an individualized supplement and pet parents should always monitor the demeanor, digestion, and behavior of their pet.
All of our products will be a great addition to your dog/cat’s diet and will provide a full spectrum of support to your fur babies health.
Where are Earth Buddy Pet Products made?
All of our products are made in Longmont, Colorado.
What temperature do you bake your Hemp Hearts at?
We bake all of our Hemp Hearts at 250 degrees to preserve nutrient density and palatability.
Where does Earth Buddy source their ingredients?
At Earth Buddy, we try to source as local as possible and grow all of our organic hemp in Longmont, CO! We are not a commodity-based hemp product! We take a true small-batch approach by only growing on 4 acres in order to grow the highest quality, organic hemp in the world.
We also try to use as many other organic products as possible such as our Mushrooms, Colostrum, Turmeric, Coconut Oil, Hemp Extract, and Apple Cider Vinegar.
Where does Earth Buddy source their hemp?
Earth Buddy takes pride in the fact that grow and manufacture all of our CBD pet products in Longmont, CO. We have qualifications that all plants must meet and are consistently tested to ensure that they meet Earth Buddy Pet Product’s standards. All of our products are made from ORGANIC, NON-GMO, PESTICIDE FREE “Colorado Style” Hemp. It is grown outdoors under natural sunlight at an elevation of 5000 feet above sea level.
How much CBD oil should I give my dog or cat?
The ultimate goal of our dosage is to achieve a minimal effective dose. Every dog is a little different, so results may vary with age, breed, size, and predisposition. We base all of our recommended dosages on the weight of the animal. That said, we feel that Hemp Extracts are an individualized supplement and have to be monitored on an “as needed” basis.
Note: Puppies typically have a healthy ECS (Endocannabinoid System), so they do not need to supplement our hemp extract products. Always consult with a holistic veterinarian if you are unsure.
Dosing with CBD for pets is not an exact science, as not all CBD pet products are the same. All of our products have Certificates of Analysis by 3rd-party laboratories and we only use full spectrum hemp extract that will contain high amounts of CBD along with many other minor cannabinoids (CBC, CBDV, CBG) and terpenes. As a general starting point with our products we recommend the following dosage, but keep in mind that you know your pet better than us and you can always increase or decrease on an as-needed basis:
1-3mg per 10lbs body weight as a starting dose.
*Many studies involving CBD for animals have shown a much higher dosage for severe issues around 1mg per 2.2lbs of body weight. But since we are using a full-spectrum hemp in all of our products we do not think this is an appropriate starting point for most pets.
For a more in-depth conversation on CBD dosage for dogs and cats listen to our co-founder Sean Zyer and Dr. Casara Andre of Veterinary Cannabis:
Can I give Hemp Extract to a puppy or pregnant pet?
Earth Buddy does not recommend regular supplementation of hemp extract in puppies or nursing pets. This product is NOT intended for breeding or pregnant dogs.
Where can I find a vet expert for a consultation for my pet?
For questions regarding interactions with current medications, visit VeterinaryCannabis.org.
You can find additional links to pet cannabis experts on our Vet Resources page.
THESE STATEMENTS HAVE NOT BEEN EVALUATED BY THE FDA AND ARE NOT INTENDED TO DIAGNOSE, TREAT OR CURE ANY DISEASE. ALWAYS CHECK WITH YOUR VETERINARIAN BEFORE STARTING A NEW DIETARY SUPPLEMENT PROGRAM.
EARTH BUDDY PET PRODUCTS shall not be held liable for the medical claims made by customer testimonials. The statements made regarding these products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The efficacy of these products and the testimonials made have not been confirmed by FDA- approved research. These products are not intended to diagnosis, treat, cure or prevent any disease. All information presented here is not meant as a substitute for or alternative to information from veterinary practitioners. Please consult your veterinary professional about potential interactions or other possible complications before using any product. The Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act requires this notice.
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