Ever wondered, what’s the difference between autoflower vs. feminized vs. regular seeds? Here’s how they differ, the similarities & some home grow pointers. Many growers use both autoflower seeds as well as photoperiod feminised seeds. But which is best for your particular needs? Read the pros and cons of each With the leagalization of cannabis in so many states, growing your own can be done. But you need to knwo the basics: autoflower vs feminized seeds.
Autoflower vs. Feminized vs. Regular Seeds: What Is The Difference?
If you’ve ever browsed the web looking for cannabis seeds, you’ll know there are various types out there. The most common choices to pick from are autoflower vs. feminized, not to mention old-school regular seeds.
But how do you know which one to choose? Join us as we discuss these three seed variants, their similarities and differences, and some of our top suggestions.
What are autoflower seeds?
Before we jump into feminized and regular versions, what are autoflower seeds? Auto seeds are named for their ability to flower automatically, without the need for changing light cycles.
Autoflower cannabis seeds are made by crossing an indica or sativa with a lesser-known subspecies, ruderalis, known for this autoflowering trait.
Looking at autoflowering vs. feminized seeds, autoflowering seeds are easier to grow—if you have experience—and fast to flower; the whole growth cycle typically lasts about 10 weeks. Some can be faster—check our report on the “fastest autoflower plants” to get to know them.
These plants tend to be smaller, have little to no lighting schedule needs, and are more resistant to pests, fungi, and temperature fluctuations.
In the past, most autoflowering strains were low yielders with low THC levels. Luckily, due to extensive breeding, autoflower marijuana seeds can now produce more generous yields and more potent buds.
|Light cycles don’t need to be changed or monitored.||Lower yields|
|Compact and small, ideal for growers with limited space.||Lower THC levels make it less potent than most photoperiod strains.|
|Easy to grow and have hardy genetics.||Difficult to clone—usually, new seeds are required every growing season.|
|Due to its speedy growth, you can have a continuous supply all year round as multiple harvests are possible.||Plants tend to be leafier with fewer buds.|
|CBD levels tend to be higher.||–|
|Due to genetics, the plants are less susceptible to mildew, pathogens, mold, fungi, and pests.||–|
What is a feminized seed?
You now know about autos, but what is a feminized seed? Feminized seeds are genetically modified to maximize the chances of developing into only female plants—around 99% turn out to be fems. Breeders produce feminized seeds by inhibiting the hormone ethylene in female plants, using colloidal silver or other chemicals during the flowering stage.
Feminized seeds produce greater, more potent yields and bigger plants. The moderate difficulty level makes it great for beginners and experienced growers alike. One of the few things to be mindful of is the lighting schedule needed to activate the flowering stage.
|Produces high yields, and seedless buds tend to have a better terpene profile, higher cannabinoid content, and are more potent.||Small chance of plants turning into hermaphrodites due to environmental stress or bad genetics.|
|Eliminates the need for gender profiling and the 50:50 genetic gamble.||The flowering stage is dependent on lighting but can be delayed as needed.|
|High guarantee of producing female plants only.||Not useful for breeding.|
|Significant reduction of accidental pollination as there’s no need to sift out the males in the pre-flower stage.||–|
What are regular seeds?
Cannabis is a dioecious species, meaning that different plants either have male or female reproductive organs. Regular seeds have a 50/50 chance of growing into males or females. Pollen from males fertilizes females, creating a new generation of seeds, making regular seeds popular among breeders.
Regular seeds are untouched and as nature intended. If consumption is your main goal, the females are what you’re after as they produce resin containing the highest concentrations of terpenes, cannabinoids, and other compounds.
Using feminized seeds vs. regular seeds means you have more control over the plant gender, whereas with regular seeds, you have to germinate more seeds to account for the males.
The she-weeds should remain unfertilized if you want to ensure the production of high potency buds. To prevent accidental pollination, you must identify and remove the males in the pre-flower early vegetative stage. Regular seeds tend to be used by breeders and more skilled and experienced growers.
|Needed for creating new strains and breeding.||Germination of seeds is unpredictable, with a 50/50 chance of males or females.|
|Use mother plants to make a continuous supply of stem cuttings. Thereby retaining the best parent traits in these clones.||Being a photoperiod means the vegetative phase can be delayed.|
|A pollen bank can be set up by breeders using pollen from male plants.||Accidental fertilization could take place if males remain in the grow room.|
|Many different strains are available, from classics to modern hybrids.||Need to germinate more seeds to account for the males.|
|No chemical or genetic modification makes them cheaper than other seed types.||Misidentification of males and females could lead to problems.|
What is the difference between autoflowering, feminized, and regular seeds?
Once you know what each seed type offers, you’ll need to know: what is the difference between autoflowering and feminized seeds? How do they differ from regular types?
It’s best to compare cultivation skill level, flowering period, average grow speed, and yield size. Here’s a comparison table to simplify the process.
|Cultivation||Easy (With previous experience)||Easy to moderate||Moderate|
|Plant height||Small to medium||Medium to tall||Medium to tall|
|Start flowering||2-4 weeks after planting||When receiving 12/12 hours of light & darkness||When receiving 12/12 hours of light & darkness|
|Vegetative phase||Flowering phase starts based on age.||Photoperiod, vegetative phase can be extended as desired||Photoperiod, vegetative phase can be extended as desired|
|Average time – seed to harvest||10–16 weeks||12–24 weeks||12–24 weeks|
|Suitable for cannabis pollen||No||No||Yes|
|Suitable for cloning||No||Yes||Yes|
Are autoflowers less potent?
When autoflower seeds first appeared on the grow scene, they were generally considered less potent. The Ruderalis subspecies responsible for the autoflowering trait have very low levels of THC and, therefore, low potency.
So are autoflowers less potent? Fast forward to the present, we can thank breeders for crossbreeding Ruderalis plants with strains that are extremely high in THC. Due to their dedication, autoflower plants can have similar potency.
Some autoflowering strains are even as potent as feminized strains. Generally, though autoflowering strains tend to be less potent, luckily, autoflower plants can still produce a quality harvest.
Autoflower vs. feminized vs. regular seeds: which to choose?
It’s important to note that not one seed type is necessarily better than the others. Choosing the best option for you depends heavily on what you want from the plants. Several factors influence what seeds you choose from autoflowering seeds vs. regular or feminized.
Some of the factors include your preference, purpose, skill level, yield size, and available resources. Questions to consider are:
What is your skill level?
If you’re a beginner, our advice is to use feminized seeds. The cultivation process for feminized vs. regular or auto is way more streamlined, increasing your success rate in producing a great harvest.
On the other hand, regular seeds are ideal for veteran growers or those wanting more experience. Autos are easy to grow but are unforgiving to newbie errors due to the quick flowering times—so a little gardening knowledge is a must.
Indoor or outdoor cultivation?
When looking at indoor or outdoor cultivation, the biggest difference between autoflowering and feminized plants is that auto plants tend to be smaller and bushier. This characteristic makes auto strains ideal for indoor cultivation. Feminized and regular plants generally grow taller and bigger, working better outdoors.
Keep your growing situation in mind when selecting your seed type. If you have limited space, time, and a little knowledge, autoflower seeds might be the easiest way to ensure a bumper harvest. If space isn’t an issue, you might want to consider regular or feminized seeds, meaning bigger harvests.
Remember to pick the best outdoor auto seeds if you ever choose to grow them outside.
What is your purpose for growing?
Feminized seeds are great for those seeking bountiful yields and maximum potency. With the chances of males appearing minimized, feminized plants have the best potential of producing canopies full of potent colas.
If speed is your goal, autoflower strains are the way to go, with their shorter life cycle and resilient genes. The difference between autoflowering and feminized seeds is that auto plants can’t handle stress, negatively impacting quality and plant health. Whereas regular and feminized plants respond well to high-stress training.
If breeding new and exciting strains is your dream, regular seeds are the answer. Regular seeds are more natural and produce genetically sturdy clones. Feminized strains are easier to raise, but interesting hybrids are out of the question. On the flip side, regular plants can be unpredictable and produce smaller yields as the male plants get culled.
What are the differences in lighting demands and harvest times?
Many growers choose seeds depending on the length of the grow cycle. Autoflowering plants have no lighting demands and flower based on age. This factor makes autos great for multiple year-round harvests.
Feminized and regular seeds have strict lighting demands and only begin flowering once their lighting schedule is changed. You have to account for this lighting demand and adjust as needed when growing outside.
Auto vs Feminized vs Regular: 9 best strains you should try
Whether autoflowering or feminized vs. regular seeds, each grower has their own opinion on which is best. It boils down to available space, personal preference, and growth expectations.
If you’re a little overwhelmed by all the technical cultivation talk, don’t worry! Here are 3 of the best sellers in each seed type category to help you along the right path.
Homegrown Cannabis Co. provides numerous autoflowering cannabis seeds, many of which are feminized. Here are three of our top sellers.
1. Bruce Banner autoflower cannabis seeds
Bruce Banner autoflower is as massive and potent as the green superhero it’s named after. It hits both the brain and the body, sending you into a deep state of relaxation.
- Lineage: (OG Kush x Strawberry Diesel) x ruderalis
- THC: 21–26%
- Terpenes: Camphene, d-limonene, myrcene
- Flowering Time: 8–10 Weeks
- Yield: Medium–high: 17.5-21 oz./m2 indoor; 2.5-5.5 oz./plant outdoor
- Taste/Aroma: Sweet, berry, earthy, diesel
- Effects: Creative, energetic, focused
- Medical: Anxiety, depression, pain relief
2. Gelato autoflower cannabis seeds
Gelato autoflower cannabis seeds are the cream of the cannabis crop; this cultivar has incredible flavors and potent THC levels. A great pick-me-up with an uplifting and euphoric effect alongside the initial energy surge.
- Lineage: (Sunset Sherbet x Girl Scout Cookies) x ruderalis
- THC: 19–21%
- Terpenes: Limonene, myrcene, terpinolene
- Flowering Time: 8–10 Weeks
- Yield: 14-17.5 oz./m2 indoor; 2-3.5 oz./plant outdoor
- Taste/Aroma: Sweet, blueberry, orange, woody
- Effects: Creative, uplifting, hungry, relaxed
- Medical: Anxiety, arthritis, migraines, muscle spasms
3. Sour Diesel autoflower cannabis seeds
Easy to grow and ideal for limited spaces, Sour Diesel autoflower is robust, zesty, high in THC, and a great all-rounder. Able to induce an energizing high, this strain helps keep you focused and motivated.
- Lineage: (Chemdog 91 x Super Skunk) x ruderalis
- THC: 16–23%
- Terpenes: Myrcene, limonene, camphene
- Flowering Time: 8–10 Weeks
- Yield: 12.5-14 oz./m2 indoor; 2–6 oz/plant outdoor
- Taste/Aroma: Diesel, lemon, skunk, herbal
- Effects: Relaxing, energetic, focused
- Medical: Depression, stress, inflammation
Hopefully, your question “what is feminized seeds?” has been answered. Our store offers various feminized strains, three great options being:
1. Shishkaberry Kush feminized cannabis seeds
Shishkaberry Kush feminized has the fragrance and flavor of a fresh fruit platter, making it one of the tastiest feminized cultivars. Easy to grow virtually anywhere this cultivar contains high levels of THC and is popular in the medical community.
- Lineage: Blueberry x Afghani x OG
- THC: 16–21%
- Terpenes: Camphene, d-limonene, linalool
- Flowering Time: 8–10 Weeks
- Yield: 16 oz./m2 Indoor; 17.5-21 oz./plant Outdoor
- Taste/Aroma: Berry, earthy, pungent
- Effects: Relaxing, mood-booster, euphoric
- Medical: Insomnia, depression, nausea
2. Strawberry Cough feminized cannabis seeds
This sativa-dominant cultivar, Strawberry Cough feminized, is named for its delicious prominent strawberry flavor and, true to its name, is prone to make you cough. This award-winning bud sharpens your sensory awareness, making you feel happy, peaceful, and uplifted.
- Lineage: Strawberry Fields x Old Haze
- THC: 19–23%
- Terpenes: Myrcene, alpha-bisabolol, pinene
- Flowering Time: 10–12 Weeks
- Yield: 14 oz./m2 indoor; 14 oz./plant outdoor
- Taste/Aroma: Strawberry, sweet, spicy, earthy
- Effects: Calming, mood-booster, uplifting
- Medical: Anxiety, depression, fatigue, nausea
3. Green Crack feminized cannabis seeds
Famous for its unique smell and effects, Green Crack feminized plants have incredibly high THC levels. This potent cultivar gives users an amazing energy boost—not for the faint of heart.
- Lineage: Skunk #1
- THC: 17–25%
- Terpenes: Limonene, terpinolene, camphene
- Flowering Time: 7–9 weeks
- Yield: 21 oz./m2 Indoor; 28-42.5 oz./plant outdoor
- Taste/Aroma: Tropical, citrus, sweet, earthy
- Effects: Creative, energetic, happy
- Medical: Fatigue, appetite, migraines, anxiety
Now that we’ve covered autoflower vs. feminized, all that’s left are regulars. Whether you want to breed new strains or keep your growing experience all-natural, there are several regular strains to choose from. Homegrown Cannabis Co. has some well-known regular seeds, including:
1. Blueberry regular cannabis seeds
The fruity punch of Blueberry regular is well-loved among those with a sweet tooth and those looking for an uplifting, relaxing, cerebral buzz. Naturally resistant to diseases and pests, these plants can provide generous yields once fully grown.
- Lineage: Thai x Purple Thai x Afghani
- THC: 15–20%
- Terpenes: Myrcene, limonene, eucalyptol
- Flowering Time: 8–10 Weeks
- Yield: High, 21-24.5 oz./m2 indoor; 24.5 oz./plant outdoor
- Taste/Aroma: Sweet, blueberry, vanilla, woody
- Effects: Relaxing, focused, uplifting
- Medical: Arthritis, anxiety, depression, stress
2. God Bud regular cannabis seeds
This indica-heavy cultivar induces a warm, peaceful state of relaxation. God Bud regular is one of the most potent regular strains able to produce buds with up to 30% THC. They’re also known to reward you with some of the largest harvests.
- Lineage: Hawaiian x Purple Skunk x Unknown Canadian Strain
- THC: 24–30%
- Terpenes: Limonene, terpinolene, camphene
- Flowering Time: 8–10 Weeks
- Yield: High, 19.5-21 oz./m2 indoor; 35.5 oz./plant outdoor
- Taste/Aroma: Sweet, chocolate, pine, woody
- Effects: Calming, giggly, hungry, relaxed
- Medical: Insomnia, pain relief, anxiety
3. Tropic Thunder regular cannabis seeds
The cultivar has a chocolaty kick alongside a tropical sweetness, best for nighttime use. Known to produce a psychedelic high, Tropic Thunder regular chases away depression, stress, chronic pain, and insomnia.
- Lineage: Hawaiian x Purple Skunk x Unknown Indica
- THC: 20–24%
- Terpenes: Myrcene, limonene, camphene
- Flowering Time: 8–10 Weeks
- Yield: 16 oz./m2 indoor; 16 oz./plant outdoor
- Taste/Aroma: Chocolate, earthy, skunk
- Effects: Happy, relaxed, talkative
- Medical: Arthritis, migraines, stress, insomnia
Know the difference, make an informed choice
Now that you know the difference between feminized and regular seeds vs auto, the ball is in your court. Take the time to carefully consider your needs, resources, and preferences and, of course, the yield and potency you’re after.
With high-quality seeds, you can expect decent harvests regardless of the seed type you choose. At Homegrown Cannabis Co. we have a wide variety to pick from, no matter what seed types you’re looking for. Head over to the store and select your next batch.
If you still have some doubts, head over to our Homegrown Forum and chat with other home growers about how they choose their seed types.
About the author: Derek LaRose
Also known as Kronic from The Cannabis Kronicles, Derek LaRose is a young ambitious cultivator and a staple educator for indoor cultivation.
Autoflower vs feminised cannabis seeds explained
Cannabis genetics have changed drastically in the last decade. The home grower now has a wider and perhaps more confusing choice of cannabis seeds than ever before. But the differences between autoflower and feminised cannabis seeds are not that complicated. We will explain all you need to know about the way auto and fem seeds grow, the advantages and disadvantages for each and how you can select the right type of cannabis seeds for your grow.
|●||Autoflower vs feminised vs regular seeds differences|
|●||How were autoflower seeds created in the first place?|
|●||Topping and training autoflower vs feminised cannabis|
|●||Do autoflowers always finish faster than photoperiod strains?|
|●||Autoflower vs feminised cannabis seeds outdoor growing|
|●||Autoflower vs feminised cannabis plants yield|
|●||Differences in bud quality for feminised vs autoflower strains|
|●||Still wondering which type of cannabis seeds are best for you?|
Autoflower vs feminised vs regular seeds differences
Some growers mistakenly feel that autoflower seeds produce less potent weed than plants grown from feminised seeds. This may have been true in the early days of auto seeds, but not any more. Autoflowering cannabis seeds produce buds with the same quality levels as photoperiod feminised seeds. Auto Cinderella Jack has THC levels independently verified at over 25%. Many photoperiod feminised cannabis seeds don’t reach such high potency levels!
Autoflower seeds are the seed of choice for those that want fast, convenient and easy harvests. They typically grow indoors from seed to harvest in around 10-11 weeks under 20 hours of daily light. Outdoors, they take a little longer, around 100 days. Autoflowers start to bloom automatically around 5-6 weeks after germination. The grower doesn’t need to change the light cycle, it happens ‘automatically’.
Autoflower seeds are easy to grow and often stay short, squat and bushy. Due to the short auto life cycle you might not be able to get quite the same yields as a feminised seed variety which has enjoyed a long period of vegetative growth. But yields from the best autoflower seeds can be several hundred grams per plant from well grown indoor autos.
Photoperiod feminised cannabis seeds grow vegetatively under 18 hours (or more) of daily light. They produce leaves, roots and branches but no buds until daily light hours are reduced to 12. Feminised seeds are preferred by growers that enjoy traditional genetics with the ability to be manipulated via the photo dependency. SCROG growers can utilise long veg grow periods of 2 months or more to fully fill a SCROG screen. Outdoors, they can produce several Kilograms of dry buds from a long grow over 5-6 months.
Regular cannabis seeds give rise to approximately equal numbers of male and female offspring. These are the cannabis seeds of choice for old school growers that prefer the process of identifying and separating males from females. These days, regular cannabis seeds account for just 2-3% of seed sales. But they are used by those breeding cannabis plants or producing cannabis seeds. Note that the grower can take cuttings easily from plants grown from feminised seeds or regular seeds. But taking cuttings from autoflower plants isn’t as easy, since the plant has a fixed life cycle.
|Autoflower seeds||Feminised seeds||Regular seeds|
|Ease of growing||Easy||Moderate||Expert (males need to be removed to prevent pollination and seeding of your crop).|
|Plant height||Typically short/medium around 1 metre tall.||Adaptable depending on length of veg growth. Can reach 3-4m outdoors.||Adaptable depending on length of veg growth. Can reach 3-4m outdoors.|
|Flowering start||Often ~ 5-6 weeks after germination.||Requires 12/12 light conditions indoors and less than 13.5-14 hours of daily light outdoors.||Requires 12/12 light conditions indoors and less than 13.5-14 hours of daily light outdoors.|
|Seed-to-harvest time||Typically 10-11 weeks.||Depends on length of veg and flower time of the genetics.||Depends on length of veg and flower time of the genetics.|
|Yield||Up to a few hundred grams per plant in optimised conditions.||Up to and above a Kg per plant in optimised conditions.||Up to and above a Kg per plant in optimised conditions.|
Key things to know before growing autoflower cannabis seeds.
● If you want to grow a cannabis crop in the shortest possible time frame, then autoflower seeds are the best option. Strains such as Auto Blueberry and Auto Blackberry Kush can be ready in as little as 8-9 weeks after germination.
● Autoflower seeds perform well in both indoor and outdoor locations. Outdoors, many growers can get 2 or even 3 successive crops in the same year
● Autoflower seeds are easy to grow in a wide range of grow conditions/systems. Soil, coco fibre or hydroponics all produce great, fast results.
● Depending on the genetics you choose you can grow autoflower seeds that will produce harvests rich in THC, CBD or both! You can even grow Auto CBG-Force autoflower seeds which will produce CBG rich harvests or Auto CBD-Victory which will produce buds rich in CBDV.
● Many growers don’t bother repeatedly repotting their autoflower plants into increasingly large containers (note that keeping an autoflower longer than 2 – 2.5 weeks in a small pot will have a negative effect on the size and eventual yield). Instead, they often grow their autos in their ‘final’ containers to minimise time lost due to transplanting. This allows growers to achieve the highest possible yield.
● Many growers find that autoflowering cannabis seeds are the easiest and fastest way to grow cannabis. You don’t even need to worry about changing the light cycle! Less experienced (or first time) growers often prefer the simplicity and convenience of autoflower seeds.
How were autoflower seeds created in the first place?
Dutch Passion worked very closely with the Joint Doctor in the earliest days of autoflower breeding. The Joint Doctor is a Canadian breeder who played a large role in the first generation/early autoflower seeds.
Some of this work was based on a mythical Mexican strain (Mexican Rudy) which, whilst small and with only medium potency, allowed the first real autoflower work to get started. These were the first cannabis strains which were not dependent on the photoperiod (the number of daily light hours) to initiate bloom.
Initially, many cannabis seed companies were sceptical and couldn’t see the potential of autoflower genetics. Dutch Passion were able to combine and rework some of these first generation autoflowering genetics with some exceptional results.
After a few years of continuous improvements, autoflower yields and potency were on a par with indoor photoperiod feminised seeds. Initially some growers were reluctant and unconvinced by the early autoflower seeds. But once growers saw the top-shelf results that could be achieved with refined, high performance modern autoflower seeds that all changed.
Many modern cannabis seed growers prefer a rapid seed-to-harvest time. In this respect, the fastest autoflower seeds simply can’t be beaten!
Why do autoflower seeds produce so many phenotypes?
In the early days of autoflower seeds, some cannabis seed banks had a reputation for ‘scatter-gun’ autoflower seed genetics which would produce an excessively wide array of phenotypes.
Some would be miniature plants that would barely reach 10cm tall whereas the next auto would reach a metre. The challenge for premium cannabis seed suppliers was to take the autoflower genetics and fine-tune them further so they could be a viable option for serious growers.
This requires a great deal of genetic and breeding know-how. There is no substitute for experience when it comes to breeding and supplying the finest quality autoflower seeds.
Dutch Passion have some of the best genetics and most experienced geneticists in the business, so a great deal of focussed experience allowed them to push autoflower genetics to their limit.
Today, the best autoflower seeds produce consistently great results with little variations between the resulting plants if conditions are optimised. But it’s worth adding that there are still plenty of low quality autoflower seed suppliers out there. Buy your autoflower seeds from a supplier you can trust with a solid track record for auto breeding. A few autoflower cannabis cups is a sure sign that your supplier is committed and professional about their breeding.
|Understanding cannabis phenotypes, genotypes and chemotypes|
Topping and training autoflower vs feminised cannabis
Many growers like to train and manipulate their cannabis plants. This can be done to try to increase yield, or perhaps to create a shorter/bushier plant which is easier to cultivate in confined spaces.
When growing feminised cannabis seeds you have plenty of scope for topping and training your plants. You can define a long period of veg growth if you want to repeatedly top your plant (remove the growing tip) in order to produce a bushier plant which will require less vertical growth space. SCROG growers love long veg periods to fill the screen.
But autoflower seeds are less suited to these situations. When growing autoflowering cannabis seeds it is the genetics, not you, which defines when veg ends and bloom starts. Furthermore, autoflowers grow with a limited life cycle, they simply don’t have the time to recover from repeated topping.
However, both autos and feminised strains won’t mind low stress training, such as having branches tied down in order to improve light penetration to lower branches etc.
|Top 5 cannabis strains to grow in small spaces|
Do autoflowers always finish faster than photoperiod strains?
Not necessarily. Some fast photoperiod feminised strains such as Bubba Island Kush can be ready in as little as 7 weeks of bloom. Combine that with a brief period of veg growth and you could grow Bubba Island Kush from seed to harvest in around 10-11 weeks. Orange Bud is another fast (7-8 week bloom) feminised seed.
In contrast, some ‘super’ autos, such as Auto Ultimate can require up to 12-15 weeks to grow indoors from seed to harvest under 20 hours of daily light. Auto Glueberry OG is another similar autoflower seed.
A fast blooming feminised strain can indeed be faster to grow than some of the slower super autos. But it is important to add that the yields from slower growing autoflowers such as Auto Ultimate and Auto Glueberry OG can be spectacular, with 500g+ harvests (from a single plant) quite possible with hydroponic grows under optimised conditions.
|Top 5 fast growing cannabis seeds|
It’s worth noting that some autoflower seed suppliers tend to be overly optimistic about the seed-to-harvest times. Remember to base your harvest point on the factors that matter to you. Some people prefer the high from late harvested cannabis, others prefer to smoke/vape early harvested cannabis. One of the advantages of growing your own cannabis is that you decide the genetics and precisely how they are grown and when they are harvested.
You can assess the colours of the trichome resin glands, general bud appearance and pistil (hair) colour to help define your perfect harvest point for your favourite cannabis seeds.
|Best ways to harvest, dry and cure cannabis|
Autoflower vs feminised cannabis seeds outdoor growing
Autoflower seeds grow from seed to harvest outdoors in around 100 days, depending on conditions, latitude etc. That’s a little slower than indoors, where autos can enjoy 20 hours of daily light without cold night temperatures.
That speed of growth means that even Scandinavian outdoor autoflower growers can achieve two successive outdoor crops each summer. Mediterranean growers may be able to manage three successive outdoor auto crops each summer although the yield-per-plant may not be quite as high as that from longer growing photoperiod outdoor strains.
|Scandinavian autoflower growing, 2 crops in one season!|
Outdoor feminised cannabis seeds such as the cannabis cup winning photoperiod Frisian Dew seeds will typically grow outdoors over a 5-6 month period.
That’s a much longer timescale than an auto, so you can expect larger plants (perhaps 3-4m tall and almost as wide) and heavier yields. For some growers that’s a better combination.
However, if your climate has a short growing season you may prefer to consider autoflowering seeds which are generally ready to harvest earlier, nearer the middle of summer while the weather is still warm and sunny.
|Autoflower vs feminised outdoor cannabis growing|
Autoflower vs feminised cannabis plants yield
Modern, high performance autoflower seeds can deliver some incredible yields. Especially under optimised conditions with high intensity LED lighting. Many of Dutch Passion’s repeat autoflower seed customers routinely achieve several hundred grams per grow, especially when using hydroponic systems. The largest yield ever seen by Dutch Passion was a 1Kg harvest of dry buds from Auto Ultimate.
|Auto Ultimate 1Kg harvest by ‘The King’|
But the yields from the best feminised cannabis seeds can also be spectacular, especially when individual plants are given long periods of veg growth and grown in e.g. SCROG conditions by an experienced grower with quality genetics and powerful LED lights.
Serious growers know that they can get heavy yields from either autoflower seeds or feminised seeds. The choice between the types of cannabis seed is often made on the basis of factors other than yield.
|16 x Frisian Dew plants grow into huge plants in a Belgian greenhouse|
Differences in bud quality for feminised vs autoflower strains
The early first generation autos simply didn’t achieve the same cannabinoid content and terpene profiles that a modern high quality autoflower seed can produce. But both yield and quality levels have significantly improved since then, so long as you are buying seeds from a proven supplier!
The Dutch Passion list of Extremely High THC seeds is an exclusive collection of the best cannabis seeds which can produce up to 25% THC in ideal conditions. Included in this list are Auto Orange Bud, Auto Lemon Kix and Auto Cinderella Jack. Some of the best autoflower seeds produce even stronger buds than many photoperiod strains!
It is important to stress that many of the autoflower seeds being sold online will not meet the same high standards as the very best autoflower seeds which have won cannabis cups. The quality levels between the best and the worst autoflower seeds is still very large.
Be sure to research your choice of cannabis seeds very carefully and choose a supplier you can fully trust with a long track record behind them.
Still wondering which type of cannabis seeds are best for you?
Most growers find their preferred genetics are in the form of autoflower seeds or photoperiod feminised seeds. Lots of growers enjoy growing both types of seed. Very few modern growers use regular cannabis seeds. Autoflower seeds offer extra levels of speed and simplicity which appeals to huge numbers of both indoor and outdoor growers.
But feminised seeds have an equally popular appeal. The fact that you can control the length of veg growth gives some growers the control they need for their particular grow system/style.
You can also keep mother plants of your preferred feminised strains and take as many cuttings as you wish – this is impossible with plants grown from autoflower seeds. Quality levels from the best auto and fem seeds can reach the same very high standards with THC levels well above 20%.
Of course, other factors may also be very important to you. You may prefer your buds to have certain aroma/flavour profiles, or perhaps you enjoy buds with plenty of colour in them. Maybe you need a certain amount of CBD in your buds, or perhaps other cannabinoids too? Your array of cannabis seed choices may vary further depending on whether you want to grow indoors or outdoors.
If all this sounds confusing, you may wish to check out the Dutch Passion Seed Finder which asks you a few simple questions about your grow and recommends the best cannabis seeds for your situation. Buy the best cannabis seeds you can and enjoy your next grow!
Differences between Autoflower vs Feminized Seeds
If you’re planning on embarking on the wonderful journey that is growing cannabis seeds, there’s a decent amount of information you’ll want to look over before planting that first seed. While it isn’t rocket science, there is still a science to it. And you want your cannabis seeds to reach their full potential, and grow into the beautiful plants you’ve always envisioned. So before that happens, a good place to start is knowing the difference between 2 of the seeds you’ll be choosing between feminized seeds and auto-flowering seeds.
By planting feminized seeds you eliminate the chance of any male chromosomes getting into the mix. This ensures you grow the ever sought out, bud-producing, female marijuana plant. Female plants contain a larger amount of THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids when compared to male plants.
Flowering occurs when less sunlight is administered, closer to the change in seasons from summer to fall. Indoor growers can mimic this change in light by adjusting their grow lights. It’s an easy process that requires some research and having an experienced person alongside never hurts if you’re a first-time grower. Plants grown from female seeds produce more buds and fewer leaves than plants grown from auto-flowering seeds. The pruning process is also much easier with plants grown from female seeds.
If you’re just starting as a grower and aren’t too confident with the light adjustment needed for feminized seeds, or someone with experience who wants to maximize outdoor growth yield, auto-flowering seeds are a great alternative according to Leafly.
This variation of cannabis seeds grows with many of the same characteristics as feminized seeds; but unlike feminized seeds, it’s the aging process, not light absorption, that causes them to flower. The growth cycle is short, which makes it a great option for outdoor growers to get up to 4 full harvests, depending on when they first start planting.
Another benefit of auto-flowering seeds is that they are inherently “tougher” than feminized seeds. Compared to their feminized counterpart, auto-flowering seeds have higher resilience to things like a change in temperatures, insects, and mold. Our partner Mosca Seeds sells feminized, auto flower and regular seeds. To purchase Mosca seeds, click here.